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MyFreePACS为什么不属于Free Software, MyFreePACS中的ActiveX控件已有版权文字信息:LegalCopyright  : (c) David de Regt.  All rights reserved.,最关键的图像浏览控件是有版权声明且不提供源码。开放的PHP代码部分算是开源软件了。
Wikipedia对开源软件(Open-source software (OSS))的定义:

Open-source software (OSS) is computer software that is available in source code form: the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that permits users to study, change, improve and at times also to distribute the software.

Some open source licenses meet the requirements of the Open Source Definition. Some open source software is available within the public domain.

Open source software is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open-source software is the most prominent example of open-source development and often compared to (technically defined) user-generated content or (legally defined) open content movements.[1]

A report by Standish Group states that adoption of open-source software models has resulted in savings of about $60 billion per year to consumers.[2][3]

Open Source Definition

The Open Source Definition is used by the Open Source Initiative to determine whether or not a software license can be considered open source.

The definition was based on the Debian Free Software Guidelines, written and adapted primarily by Bruce Perens. They are by no means definitive even as applied to software. Clause 3 is the primary legal difference between free software and open source software as such, free software is stricter in interpreting 3. Clauses 5 and 6 are not a condition of any major open content license regimes, which commonly do restrict types of uses and users; for instance, Creative Commons has open content licenses that explicitly forbid commercial use.


        Open source doesn't just mean access to the source code.

        The distribution terms of open-source software must comply with the following criteria:

    1. Free Redistribution

        The license shall not restrict any party from selling or giving away the software as a component of an aggregate software distribution containing programs from several different sources. The license shall not require a royalty or other fee for such sale.

    2. Source Code

        The program must include source code, and must allow distribution in source code as well as compiled form. Where some form of a product is not distributed with source code, there must be a well-publicized means of obtaining the source code for no more than a reasonable reproduction cost preferably, downloading via the Internet without charge. The source code must be the preferred form in which a programmer would modify the program. Deliberately obfuscated source code is not allowed. Intermediate forms such as the output of a preprocessor or translator are not allowed.

    3. Derived Works

        The license must allow modifications and derived works, and must allow them to be distributed under the same terms as the license of the original software.

    4. Integrity of the Author's Source Code

       The license may restrict source-code from being distributed in modified form only if the license allows the distribution of “patch files” with the source code for the purpose of modifying the program at build time. The license must explicitly permit distribution of software built from modified source code. The license may require derived works to carry a different name or version number from the original software.

    5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups

        The license must not discriminate against any person or group of persons.

    6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor.

        The license must not restrict anyone from making use of the program in a specific field of endeavor. For example, it may not restrict the program from being used in a business, or from being used for genetic research.

    7. Distribution of License

        The rights attached to the program must apply to all to whom the program is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties.

    8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product

        The rights attached to the program must not depend on the program's being part of a particular software distribution. If the program is extracted from that distribution and used or distributed within the terms of the program's license, all parties to whom the program is redistributed should have the same rights as those that are granted in conjunction with the original software distribution.

    9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software

        The license must not place restrictions on other software that is distributed along with the licensed software. For example, the license must not insist that all other programs distributed on the same medium must be open-source software.

    10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral

        No provision of the license may be predicated on any individual technology or style of interface.

    – Open Source Initiative, http://opensource.org/docs/osd